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Other Biofilm MD Serivce

In continuum systems, most numerical methods aim to discretize ordinary or partial differential equations that control mechanical, chemical and biological processes, while commonly used methods include finite element method (FEM), finite difference method (FDM), finite Volumetric Method (FVM) etc. In particular, computational models provide insights from experiments to verify the mechanical properties of biofilms. As one of the most commonly used computational mechanics methods, finite elements subdivide the computational domain into smaller subdomains, called finite elements, which are implemented by meshing, and the extended finite element (XFEM) method, which allows the study of boundary layer behavior and linearization of biofilm growth in elliptic equations. CD BioSciences use computer-aided methods to provide XFEM service to help customers complete biofilm related research.

Specific XFEM Approaches We Offer

Specific XFEM Approaches We Offer

  • In a continuum system, most numerical methods aim to discretize ordinary or partial differential equations that control mechanical, chemical, and biological processes. Commonly used methods at CD BioSciences include but not limited to:
    • Finite element method (FEM)
    • Finite Difference Method (FDM)
    • Finite Volume Method (FVM)
  • In particular, computational models provide insights into the validation experiments of biofilm mechanical properties, as most biomechanical tests are performed on a scale of 10-3 - 10-1 m. As one of the most commonly used computational mechanics methods, FEM subdivides the computational domain into smaller subdomains called finite elements, which are achieved by building a mesh.
  • Additionally, we employ the Time Discontinuous Galerkin (TDG) method as a solution strategy for a multidimensional multispecies biofilm growth model.
  • CD BioSciences also provide professional results analysis, image processing, data aggregation and other services.


FVM biofilm modeling is not as widely adopted as FEM, which began in 1993, combining the FVM scheme with tracking the temporal evolution of the interface. Taking advantage of its simplicity, FDM is also widely used to couple diffusion, growth, biomass, and nutrient concentrations in 2D and 3D. Overall, continuum models strive to combine biological features with the growth and physics of biofilm models solved by discretized differential equations, providing a good characterization of overall biofilm behavior in the 10-3 - 10-1 range.

Provided by Customers

Please inform us of your specific other biofilm MD serivce details, and we can provide customized solutions for different projects.

Service Process

Service Process

Our Features

  • CD BioSciences will complete your project on time and efficiently. We have professional after-sales service. We provide customers with efficient and feasible solutions.
  • CD BioSciences works with scientists from many biotechnology companies. We have extensive knowledge and experience to provide quality assurance services.
  • We have accumulated many years of essence in the field of biofilm MD service, helping customers to speed up project development and improve the overall success rate of the project.



  1. Related experimental results raw data
  2. Biofilm results
  3. Biofilm results analysis
  4. Image and result analysis
  5. Interaction and movement details
  6. Summary of relevant calculation parameters

Why Choose Us?

CD BioSciences is a professional biofilm technology provider, supporting a variety of biofilm MD services. We are able to perform individual tests at the most precise level, as well as design and complete a suite of services as a solution to the subject project. CD BioSciences has many years of experience in biofilm MD technology services and has been a trusted partner to our clients for a long time. If you are looking for these services, you can contact us at any time and we look forward to a pleasant relationship with you.


  1. Hanfeng Zhai, et al. Multiscale Computational Modeling of Biofilm, 2022.
  2. Szego S, Cinnella P, Cunningham A B . On finite-volume techniques for unsteady, multi-phase, reactive flows - Biofilms in closed conduits. Aiaa Journal, 1993.
For research use only, not intended for any clinical use.
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CD BioSciences is a specialized company providing biofilm services with expertise in the intersection of chemistry and biophysics. Our platform offers advanced technologies to meet all your biofilm needs.

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